Other Research Topics

— Oct 8, 2020
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Job Creation and Housing Starts in Canada’s Largest Metropolitan Areas

Job Creation and Housing Starts in Canada’s Largest Metropolitan Areas is a new study that finds the Vancouver and Toronto areas—while accounting for less than 25 per cent of Canada’s population, accounted for 120,000 new jobs from 2015 to 2019. But over the same period, the number of new housing starts in the two regions remained largely stagnant at approximately 57,000 a year—a rate that has largely been unchanged since 2002.

— Jul 30, 2020
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Technology Startups and Industry-Specific Regulations

Technology Startups and Industry-Specific Regulations finds that heavier regulatory burdens on technology startup companies in Canada are associated with a greater chance that startups will fail—and those burdens can also prevent prospective companies from starting in the first place.

— Jul 28, 2020
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Capital Investment in Canada’s Provinces: A Provincial Report

Capital Investment in Canada's Provinces: A Provincial Report measures growth in investment at the provincial level from 1990 to 2014 and from 2014 to 2018, the most recent year of comparable data. It finds that many of the provinces that historically enjoyed strong levels of investment—such as Alberta and Saskatchewan—have seen investment stall as a result of low oil prices. While British Columbia and Ontario remain strong performers, largely as a result of strong housing and finance sectors, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have consistently lagged the national average over the 30-year period. Newfoundland and Labrador has enjoyed some of the highest investment growth in the country because of large hydroelectric projects currently underway in the province.

— Jan 15, 2020
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Fiscal Policy and Recessions: The Role of Public Infrastructure Spending

Fiscal Policy and Recessions: The Role of Public Infrastructure Spending finds that infrastructure spending is not an effective policy for stimulating the economy during a recession because major infrastructure projects have very long timelines, and the recession will be over by the time shovels hit the ground. There is also evidence from the United States and Canada that increased federal spending on infrastructure merely replaces spending from lower levels of government, meaning the level of overall government spending remains the same.

— Nov 21, 2019
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Evaluating Alberta's Energy Regulator

Evaluating Alberta’s Energy Regulator finds that any meaningful reform of the Alberta Energy Regulator (AER) must target the corporation’s regulatory objectives, decision-making process and procedures because a sleeker, more efficient AER would be a big step in the right direction for Alberta and Canada as a whole.

— Oct 10, 2019
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The Costs of Slow Economic Growth: Collected Essays

The Costs of Slow Economic Growth finds that from 2011 to 2018, Canada experienced an annual economic growth rate of 2.17 per cent. But that an annual rate of 3 per cent would spur an approximately $45,000 increase in Canada’s per-person income after 20 years.

— Oct 8, 2019
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The Myths of Local Food Policy: Lessons from the economic and social history of the food system finds that despite common misperceptions, locally-grown food isn’t better for the environment, doesn’t provide a more stable food supply and it isn’t necessarily safer to eat. And locally-grown food often increases prices for consumers since the high cost of land in or near big cities means urban agriculture is expensive.

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