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Quebec Premiers and Provincial Government Spending

Quebec Premiers and Provincial Government Spending is a new study that finds Premier François Legault holds the record for the highest per-person spending levels in Quebec—even excluding COVID-related spending—at $14,487 (2021) and $13,705 (2020), and Legault has overseen the third-highest rate of average annual per person spending growth at 7.3 per cent.

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Federal Reforms to Improve Housing Affordability

Federal Reforms to Improve Housing Affordability is the latest installment in the Institute’s essay series on federal policy reforms. This essay documents the large and growing imbalance between housing supply and demand, and highlight’s the federal government’s influence on housing markets.

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Barriers to Housing Supply in Ontario and the Greater Toronto Area

Barriers to Housing Supply in Ontario and the Greater Toronto Area finds that despite progress by various municipalities and the provincial government, significant impediments to homebuilding remain in Ontario.

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British Columbia’s Current Spending Peak: Highest in History, Highest Growth in Canada finds that the B.C. government’s per-person spending in 2022/23, the latest year of available data, was nearly 20 per cent higher than in 2019/20.

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Comparing Employment Income in Toronto and Selected American Metropolitan Areas

Comparing Employment Income in Toronto and Selected American Metropolitan Areas is a new study that compares median employment income in Toronto and US metropolitan areas, and finds that the annual gap in employment income between Toronto and the lowest ranking large US metropolitan area, Miami, was $2,030 in 2019, while the difference between Toronto and the highest-ranking US metro, San Francisco, was $32,765.

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A Case for Spending Restraint in Canada: How the Federal Government Can Balance the Budget

A Case for Spending Restraint: How the Federal Government Can Balance the Budget is a new study that finds the federal government could achieve a balanced budget within a couple short years with only modest spending restraint, such as slowing the growth in nominal program spending by only 4.3 per cent.

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Canada’s Challenge in Meeting NATO’s Defence Spending Target

Canada’s Challenge in Meeting NATO’s Defence Spending Target is a new essay in the Institute’s series on federal reforms, which highlights how Canada is unlikely to meet the NATO spending target of two per cent of GDP without running large deficits and accumulating debt.

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Meritocracy, Personal Responsibility, and Encouraging Investment

Meritocracy, Personal Responsibility, and Encouraging Investment: Lessons from Singapore’s Economic Growth Miracle finds that western countries including Canada can learn from Singapore’s pro-growth policies, which have helped transform Singapore from a comparatively poor country into one of the world’s richest countries.