Environment

— Jul 27, 2021
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Off Target: The Economics Literature Does Not Support the 1.5°C Climate Ceiling

Off Target: The Economics Literature Does Not Support the 1.5°C Climate Ceiling finds that the government policies required to implement the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s goal, to limit the global average temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius, would impose social and economic costs that far exceed the expected benefits.

— Jul 13, 2021
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Generation and Management of Municipal Solid Waste: How’s Canada Doing?

Generation and Management of Municipal Solid Waste: How’s Canada Doing? is a new study that finds Canadians, on a per-person basis, generated 959 kilograms of municipal solid waste in 2018 compared to 980 kilograms in 2002. Crucially, waste from residential or household sources is on the rise, comprising more than 40 per cent of total waste generation, while waste generated from non-residential sources—industrial, commercial, etc.—has declined in Canada.

— Mar 16, 2021
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Estimated Impacts of a $170 Carbon Tax in Canada finds that the federal government’s plan to impose a $170 per tonne carbon tax by 2030 will result in 184,377 fewer jobs nationwide and cause a 1.8 per cent drop in Canada’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which in 2019 would represent a loss to the economy of about $38 billion.

— Nov 19, 2020
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Trends in Canadian Forest Fires, 1959–2019

Trends in Canadian Forest Fires, 1959-2019 is a new study that finds not only has forest fire activity in Canada decreased over the last 30 years, but so too has global fire activity. In fact, over the past six decades there has been a decline in the annual number of fires and total hectares burned, despite record-high activity in British Columbia and the Northwest Territories.

— Oct 20, 2020
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Carbon Pricing in High-Income OECD Countries

Carbon Pricing in High-Income OECD Countries is a new study that finds of the 14 countries in the OECD that have implemented a carbon tax, all have failed with respect to key design aspects of a well-functioning carbon tax, such as using carbon tax revenue to reduce more economically harmful taxes like personal income taxes, removing other emission-related regulations, and ending government subsidies to alternative energy sources.

— Apr 21, 2020
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Environmental Ranking for Canada and the OECD, 2nd Edition ranks 33 comparable high-income countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development on a wide range of environmental indicators that relate both to the protection of human health, such as air pollution, and the preservation of Canada’s ecosystems, such as water quality. It finds that Canada’s environmental record outperforms the majority of OECD countries, despite the fact that Canada is much larger and colder by comparison, and has a large natural resources industry.

— Oct 8, 2019
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The Myths of Local Food Policy: Lessons from the economic and social history of the food system finds that despite common misperceptions, locally-grown food isn’t better for the environment, doesn’t provide a more stable food supply and it isn’t necessarily safer to eat. And locally-grown food often increases prices for consumers since the high cost of land in or near big cities means urban agriculture is expensive.

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