Government Spending & Taxes

— Oct 14, 2021
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Prime Ministers and Government Spending: Updated 2021 Edition

Prime Ministers and Government Spending, Updated 2021 Edition is a new study that analyzes program spending by prime minister since Confederation, and finds that in 2020/21, per-person spending reached $17,121—77.0 per cent higher than the previous highest level of per-person spending, which was recorded in 2019/20. In fact, the current federal government is on track to record the five highest levels of per-person spending in Canadian history.

— Oct 7, 2021
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Does the Canada Child Benefit Actually Reduce Child Poverty?

Does the Canada Child Benefit (CCB) Actually Reduce Child Poverty? is a new study that finds the Canada Child Benefit is less effective than the government claims at lifting children out of poverty due to a lack of targeting. In fact, despite spending an additional $5.6 billion in 2019-20, the new Canada Child Benefit only moved an estimated 90,900 children above Statistics Canada’s Low-Income Cut-Off, a key measure of low-income.

— Sep 9, 2021
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The Lifetime Tax Burden for Canadians from Federal Debt Accumulation

Lifetime Tax Burden for Canadians from Federal Debt Accumulation finds that Canadians aged 16 to 35 will pay an additional $205.1 billion in personal income taxes (or 61.7 per cent of the total burden imposed on all age groups) over their lifetimes due to additional federal debt accumulation.

— Aug 26, 2021
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Education Spending in Public Schools in Canada, Fall 2021

Education Spending in Public Schools in Canada, Fall 2021 finds from 2014/15 to 2018/19 per-student education spending increased across Canada, with compensation (salaries, benefits and pensions) accounting for most of the growth in spending.

— Aug 13, 2021
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Taxes versus the Necessities of Life: The Canadian Consumer Tax Index 2021 edition

The Canadian Consumer Tax Index, 2021 Edition is a new study that finds even with a substantial COVID-driven reduction in tax revenue, the average Canadian family still spent over 36 per cent of its income on taxes in 2020 compared to 35.4 per cent on basic necessities—more than housing, food and clothing costs combined. Since 1961, the average Canadian family’s total tax bill has increased nominally by 1,992 per cent, eclipsing increases in annual housing costs (1,671 per cent), clothing (629 per cent) and food (767 per cent).

— Aug 10, 2021
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An International Comparison of Capital Expenditures

An International Comparison of Capital Expenditures is a new study that finds the growth rate of overall capital expenditures in Canada slowed substantially from 2005 to 2019. Critically, from 2015 to 2019, the growth rate was lower than in virtually any other period since 1970, with corporate investment dropping below other developed countries such as the United States, Sweden, France, Norway, and Australia.

— Aug 5, 2021
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Measuring Progressivity in Canada’s Tax System

Measuring Progressivity in Canada’s Tax System finds that the top 20 per cent of income-earning families pay nearly two-thirds (63.2 per cent) of Canada’s personal income taxes (provincial and federal) and more than half (54.7 per cent) of total taxes including sales and property taxes. Conversely, the bottom 20 per cent of income-earning families pay 1.0 per cent of all personal income taxes and 2.3 per cent of total taxes, due partly to the progressivity of Canada’s tax system where the share of taxes paid typically increases as incomes rise.

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