The Swiss, Dutch and German systems rely on consumers buying from many private insurers.
universal health care
Even the U.K. has a robust parallel private system, often used as an alternative to the ailing National Health Service.
In Switzerland, the health-care system features managed competition among insurance companies and health-care providers.
In 2016, the median wait to see a specialist for treatment after receiving a referral from a GP was 20 weeks.
In 2016, patients in Canada could expect to wait 20 weeks between GP referral and treatment.
Wait times remain a serious problem in all 10 provinces.
It’s likely no coincidence that countries with cost-sharing programs in place have waiting times that are significantly shorter than those in Canada.