Oil moved by rail is 4.5 times more likely to experience some kind of accident in transit than oil moved by pipeline.
President Trump granted permission to TransCanada Corporation to construct pipeline capacity at the border.
Canadian oil producers will lose an estimated $15.8 billion this year in foregone revenues compared to other producers.
The Trudeau government took an already onerous and arbitrary environmental assessment process and made it worse.
The historical record suggests that sharp declines in oil prices are followed by substantial price recovery.